History | Edit

Oxygen XML Editor includes some useful actions that allow you to easily edit XML markup in Author mode. Most of these actions are available in the contextual menu and some of them have simple keyboard shortcuts.

Selecting XML Markup in Author Mode

Selecting XML tags in Oxygen XML Editor is very simple with several methods for selecting entire elements:
  • Breadcrumb - Click the element (XML tag) on the breadcrumb displayed at the top of the editing window.
  • Outline View - Click the element name in the Outline view.
  • Full Tags Mode - While editing in Full Tags mode, click the start or end tag of the element in the editor.
  • Mouse Selection - While editing in Full Tags mode, click before the start tag of the element, drag the selection, and release the mouse button after the end tag.
  • Shift + Arrow Keys - While editing in Full Tags mode, place the cursor before the start tag of the element, press and hold Shift, and use the arrow keys to make the selection (including the end tag).
Note: If the selection does not include the entire element (for example you do not include the end tag of the element), Oxygen XML Editor will automatically close the appropriate tags when pasting the copied selection. This ensures that the pasted content will always result in well-formed XML.

Using the Breadcrumb in Author Mode

A breadcrumb on the top stripe indicates the path from document root to the current element. It can also be used as a helpful tool to insert and edit specific elements in the document structure.

Figure: Breadcrumb in Author Mode

The last element listed in the breadcrumb is the element at the current cursor position. The last element is also highlighted by a thin light blue bar for easier identification. Clicking an element from the breadcrumb selects the entire element in the editor area and each element provides a contextual menu with access to the following actions:
Edit Attributes
Opens the in-place attributes editor that allows you to easily edit the attributes of an element.
Edit Profiling Attributes
Allows you to select the profiling attributes that apply to a certain element.
Append child
Opens a content completion list that allows you to select an element to be inserted as a child of the selected element.
Insert before
Opens a content completion list that allows you to select an element to be inserted (as a sibling) before the selected element.
Insert after
Opens a content completion list that allows you to select an element to be inserted (as a sibling) after the selected element.
Cut
Removes the selected element and copies it to the clipboard, while preserving the styles of the content.
Copy
Copies the selected element to the clipboard, while preserving the styles of the copied content.
Paste
Pastes a well-formed element from the clipboard at currently selected position in the breadcrumb.
Paste before
Insert a well-formed element (from the clipboard) before the currently selected element.
Paste after
Insert a well-formed element (from the clipboard) after the currently selected element.
Paste as XML
Inserts clipboard content that is considered to be well-formed XML content, preserving its XML structure.
Delete
Deletes the currently selected element.
Toggle Comment
Encloses the currently selected element in an XML comment, if the element is not commented, or removes the comment if it is commented.
Rename Element
Opens the Rename dialog box that allows you to rename the currently selected element and other elements with the same name.
Tip: The tag names displayed in the breadcrumb can be customized with an Author mode extension class that implements the AuthorBreadCrumbCustomizer API. See the Oxygen SDK for more details.

Move Nodes

You can move XML nodes in the current document by using the following actions in the Refactoring submenu of the contextual menu (or from the Document > Markup menu):

Move Up (Alt + UpArrow)
Moves the current node or selected nodes in front of the previous node.
Move Down (Alt + DownArrow)
Moves the current node or selected nodes after the subsequent node.
Tip: The easiest way to move nodes is to use the Alt + UpArrow and Alt + DownArrow shortcut keys.

Promote/Demote List Item Nodes

You can easily promote or demote selected list item nodes within ordered lists or unordered lists by using the following keyboard shortcuts:
Promote (Shift + Tab)
Promotes an entirely selected list item node to be a sibling of its parent node (the list item is moved to the left). It also works for selections of multiple list item nodes as long as all the selected nodes are siblings (on the same hierarchical level).
Demote (Tab)
Demotes an entirely selected list item node (the list item is moved to the right). It also works for selections of multiple list item nodes as long as all the selected nodes are siblings (on the same hierarchical level).

Join or Split Elements

You can join or split elements in the current document by using the following actions in the Refactoring submenu of the contextual menu (or from the Document > Markup menu):

Join Elements
Joins two adjacent block elements that have the same name. The action is available only when the cursor position is between the two adjacent block elements. Also, joining two block elements can be done by pressing the Delete or Backspace keys and the cursor is positioned between the boundaries of these two elements.
Tip: Specifically, the Delete or Backspace keys can be used to join block elements in the following situations:
  • The cursor is located before the end position of the first element and (Delete) key is pressed.
  • The cursor is located after the end position of the first element and (Backspace) key is pressed.
  • The cursor is located before the start position of the second element and (Delete) key is pressed.
  • The cursor is located after the start position of the second element and (Backspace) key is pressed.
If the element has no sibling or the sibling element has a different name, an Unwrap operation will be performed.
Split Element (Alt + Shift + D (Ctrl + Alt + D on OS X))
Splits the content of the closest element that contains the position of the cursor. Thus, if the cursor is positioned at the beginning or at the end of the element, the newly created sibling will be empty.

Rename Elements

You can rename elements by using the following action in the Refactoring submenu of the contextual menu (or from the Document > Markup menu):

Rename Element
The element from the cursor position, and any elements with the same name, can be renamed according with the options from the Rename dialog box.

Surround Content with Tags (Wrap)

You can surround a selection of content with tags (wrap the content) by using the following action in the Refactoring submenu of the contextual menu (or from the Document > Markup menu):

Surround with Tags (Ctrl + E (Command + E on OS X) )
Allows you to choose a tag to enclose a selected portion of content. If there is no selection, the start and end tags are inserted at the cursor position.
Surround with '[tag]' (Ctrl + ForwardSlash (Command + ForwardSlash on OS X))
Surround the selected content with the last tag used.

Unwrap the Content of Elements

You can unwrap the content of an element by using the following action in the Refactoring submenu of the contextual menu (or from the Document > Markup menu):

Delete Element Tags
Deletes the tags of the closest element that contains the position of the cursor. This operation is also executed if the start or end tags of an element are deleted by pressing the Delete or Backspace keys.
Tip: Specifically, the Delete or Backspace keys can be used to unwrap the content of an element in the following situations:
  • The cursor is located before the start position of the element and (Delete) key is pressed.
  • The cursor is located after the start position of the element and (Backspace) key is pressed.
  • The cursor is located before the end position of the element and (Delete) key is pressed.
  • The cursor is located after the end position of the element and (Backspace) key is pressed.
If the element has no sibling or the sibling element has a different name, an Unwrap operation will be performed.

Remove Markup from Blocks of Content

You can remove the markup from the current element by highlighting the appropriate block of content and using the following action in the Refactoring submenu of the contextual menu (or from the Document > Markup menu):

Remove All Markup
Removes all the XML markup inside the selected block of content and keeps only the text content.
Tip: You can use the (Delete) or (Backspace) keys to remove markup, in which case the elements in the selected block will be unwrapped or joined with their sibling, or if the current element is empty, the element tags will be deleted.

Remove Text from Selected Markup

You can remove the text from elements by highlighting the appropriate block of content and using the following action in the Refactoring submenu of the contextual menu (or from the Document > Markup menu):

Remove Text
Removes the text content of the selected block of content and keeps the markup in tact with empty elements.

Other Refactoring Actions

You can also manage the structure of the markup by using the other specific XML refactoring actions that are available in the Refactoring submenu of the contextual menu:

Attributes submenu
Contains predefined XML refactoring operations that pertain to attributes with some of the information preconfigured based upon the current context.
Add/Change attribute
Allows you to change the value of an attribute or insert a new one.
Convert attribute to element
Allows you to change an attribute into an element.
Delete attribute
Allows you to remove one or more attributes.
Rename attribute
Allows you to rename an attribute.
Replace in attribute value
Allows you to search for a text fragment inside an attribute value and change the fragment to a new value.
Comments submenu
Contains predefined XML refactoring operations that pertain to comments with some of the information preconfigured based upon the current context.
Delete comments
Allows you to delete comments found inside one or more elements.
DITA submenu
Contains predefined XML refactoring operations that pertain to DITA documents with some of the information preconfigured based upon the current context.
Change topic ID to file name
Use this operation to change the ID of a topic to be the same as its file name.
Convert conrefs to conkeyrefs
Use this operation to convert conref attributes to conkeyref attributes.
Convert simple tables to CALS tables
Use this operation to convert DITA simple tables to CALS tables.
Convert to Concept
Use this operation to convert a DITA topic (of any type) to a DITA Concept topic type (for example, Topic to Concept).
Convert to General Task
Use this operation to convert a DITA topic (of any type) to a DITA General Task topic type (for example, Task to General Task). A DITA General Task is a less restrictive alternative to the Strict Task information type.
Convert to Reference
Use this operation to convert a DITA topic (of any type) to a DITA Reference topic type (for example, Topic to Reference).
Convert to Task
Use this operation to convert a DITA topic (of any type) to a DITA Task topic type (for example, Topic to Task).
Convert to Topic
Use this operation to convert a DITA topic (of any type) to a DITA Topic (for example, Task to Topic).
Convert to Troubleshooting
Use this operation to convert a DITA topic (of any type) to a DITA Troubleshooting topic type (for example, Topic to Troubleshooting).
Elements submenu
Contains predefined XML refactoring operations that pertain to elements with some of the information preconfigured based upon the current context.
Delete element
Allows you to delete elements.
Delete element content
Allows you to delete the content of elements.
Insert element
Allows you to insert new elements.
Rename element
Allows you to rename elements.
Unwrap element
Allows you to remove the surrounding tags of elements, while keeping the content unchanged.
Wrap element
Allows you to surround elements with element tags.
Wrap element content
Allows you to surround the content of elements with element tags.
Fragments submenu
Contains predefined XML refactoring operations that pertain to XML fragments with some of the information preconfigured based upon the current context.
Insert XML fragment
Allows you to insert an XML fragment.
Replace element content with XML fragment
Allows you to replace the content of elements with an XML fragment.
Replace element with XML fragment
Allows you to replace elements with an XML fragment.
JATSKit submenu
Contains predefined XML refactoring operations that pertain to JATS documents with some of the information preconfigured based upon the current context.
Add BITS DOCTYPE - NLM/NCBI Book Interchange 2.0
Adds an NLM 'BITS' 2.0 DOCTYPE declaration.
Add Blue DOCTYPE - NISO JATS Publishing 1.1
Adds a JATS 'Blue' 1.1 DOCTYPE declaration.
Normalize IDs
Assigned IDs are normalized and IDs are assigned to some elements that are missing them.