[oXygen-user] XSLT output root element force namespaces and attributes sequence

Martijn Van der Graaff
Wed May 26 02:51:43 CDT 2010

Hi George, 

Thanks for the help. I found this one as well. Communicated that to our supplier and they fixed their code.

From: George Cristian Bina []
Sent: Wednesday, May 26, 2010 9:49 AM
To: Martijn Van der Graaff
Subject: Re: [oXygen-user] XSLT output root element force namespaces and        attributes sequence

Dear Marijn,

The XML namespace http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace bound to the
"xml" prefix is declared by default in any XML document. Thus, it does
not need to be declared. If declared then it needs to be always bound to
the "xml" prefix.
Even in your XSLT fragment the declaration is redundant because it is
always added by the namepsace fixup, see
Every element must have a namespace node whose expanded-QName has
local-part xml and whose string value is
http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace. The namespace prefix xml must not
be associated with any other namespace URI, and the namespace URI
http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace  must not be associated with any
other prefix.

Note also at the same location:
The actual namespace nodes that are added to the tree by the namespace
fixup process are implementation-dependent, provided firstly, that at
the end of the process the above constraints must all be satisfied, and
secondly, that

*a namespace node must not be added to the tree unless the namespace
node is necessary either to satisfy these constraints, or to enable the
tree to be serialized using the original namespace prefixes*

from the source document or stylesheet.

As the XML namespace is not needed (it is present in any XML document)
the XSLT processor does not add it when the result is serialized.

The XSLT spec for serialization does not require a specific order for
namespace declarations and attributes, thus you cannot force a specific
order. You can observe how a specific version of a specific processor
works and maybe rely on that but you should also be prepared to have a
different order as soon as you change the processor or upgrade to a
different version.
As a reference in the spec please see
The order of attribute and namespace nodes in the two trees MAY be

Best Regards,
George Cristian Bina
<oXygen/> XML Editor, Schema Editor and XSLT Editor/Debugger

On 5/25/10 4:58 PM, Martijn Van der Graaff wrote:
> Hi
> I need to generate a root element in a output file that contains some attributes and namespaces.
> It should like this:
> <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
> <enfinity xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.2.2/xcs/impex catalog.xsd http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.1/core/impex-dt dt.xsd"
>            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
>            xmlns="http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.2.2/xcs/impex"
>            xmlns:xml="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
>            xmlns:dt="http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.1/core/impex-dt"
>            major="6"
>            minor="1"
>            family="enfinity"
>            branch="enterprise"
>            build="">
> what I get is this:
> <enfinity xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
>            xmlns="http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.2.2/xcs/impex"
>            xmlns:dt="http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.1/core/impex-dt"
>            xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.1/xcs/impex catalog.xsd http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.1/core/impex-dt dt.xsd"
>            major="6"
>            minor="1"
>            family="enfinity"
>            branch="enterprise"
>            build="">
> How can I force in XSLT that (xmlns:xml="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace") is always added to the root element and how can I force on where the attributes are sorted.
> My xslt snippet is:
> <xsl:template match="/"...
>    <xsl:element name="enfinity" namespace="http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.2.2/xcs/impex">
>              <xsl:attribute name="xsi:schemaLocation">http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.1/xcs/impex catalog.xsd http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.1/core/impex-dt dt.xsd</xsl:attribute>
>              <xsl:namespace name="xsi">http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance</xsl:namespace>
>              <xsl:namespace name="">http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.2.2/xcs/impex</xsl:namespace>
>              <xsl:namespace name="xml">http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace</xsl:namespace>
>              <xsl:namespace name="dt">http://www.intershop.com/xml/ns/enfinity/6.1/core/impex-dt</xsl:namespace>
>              <xsl:attribute name="major" select="$major"/>
>              <xsl:attribute name="minor" select="$minor"/>
>              <xsl:attribute name="family" select="$family"/>
>              <xsl:attribute name="branch" select="$branch"/>
>              <xsl:attribute name="build" select="$build"/>
> Yours,
> Martijn
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