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[xsl] HTML/XHTML/HTML5 Serialization Options

Subject: [xsl] HTML/XHTML/HTML5 Serialization Options
From: "Eliot Kimber ekimber@xxxxxxxxxxxx" <xsl-list-service@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Fri, 10 Apr 2015 21:08:15 -0000

This may be a Saxon-specific question, but I'll start here as there may be
a general answer.

I am generating HTML, either as XHTML or HTML or HTML5 and I'm running
into issues with the handling of empty elements (meaning elements that
were or can be tagged as self-closed elements, e.g., <br>).

Doing a quick test with Saxon 9.6 and XSLT 2, given this input:

<p>A br element: before<br/>after</p>

And serializing it using method "html" the result is the expected:

<p>A br element: before<br>after

But for XHTML it's:

<p>A br element: before

What I would like to is a self-closed BR element: <br/>.

Looking at the Saxon documentation I didn't see any Saxon-specific
serialization parameters that would control this behavior.

I realize I could implement my own serializer but I'm not keen to go to
that length if at all possible.

Is there a general solution that allows me to have XHTML or HTML5 output
with self-closing elements?

This comes up for me in several contexts:

- Generating XHTML as required for EPUB2 and Kindle documents
- Generating HTML as required for Web sites
- Generating HTML5 as required for EPUB3 and for use in HTML5-based Web

I suspect that the real problem is generating XHTML when I should be
generating HTML. I need to explore that more, but I wanted to understand
my readily-available serialization options first.



Eliot Kimber, Owner
Contrext, LLC

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